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Fabio Cuzzolin

Lp consonant approximation of belief functions in the mass space


In this paper we pose the problem of approximating an arbitrary belief function (b.f.) with a consonant one, in a geometric framework in which belief functions are represented by the vectors of their basic probabilities, or "mass space". Given such a vector mb, the consonant b.f. which minimizes an appropriate distance function from mb can be sought. We consider here the classical L1, L2 and Lp norms. As consonant belief functions live in a collection of simplices in the mass space, partial approximations on each individual simplex have to be computed in order to find the overall approximation. Interpretations of the obtained approximations in terms of basic probabilities are proposed, and the results compared with those of previous approaches, in particular outer consonant approximation.


Consonant belief functions, (outer) consonant approximation, geometric approach, mass space, Lp norms.

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Department of Computing
Oxford Brookes University
Wheatley campus
OX33 1HX

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Fabio Cuzzolin

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